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The origin of the Parthenon’s name is from the Greek word παρθενών (parthenon), which referred to the “unmarried women’s apartments” in a house and in the Parthenon’s case seems to have been used at first only for a particular room of the temple; it is debated which room this is and how the room acquired its name.Definition of Parthenon
: a Doric temple of Athena built on the acropolis at Athens in the fifth century b.c.It has long been assumed that the Great Temple of Athena derived its nickname, the Parthenon, from the immense chryselephantine, or gold and ivory, statue of Athena Parthenos, or “Virgin Athena,” that once stood in the building’s large eastern cella.
What does the word Parthenon mean?
Definition of Parthenon
: a Doric temple of Athena built on the acropolis at Athens in the fifth century b.c.
What is the real name of the Parthenon?
It has long been assumed that the Great Temple of Athena derived its nickname, the Parthenon, from the immense chryselephantine, or gold and ivory, statue of Athena Parthenos, or “Virgin Athena,” that once stood in the building’s large eastern cella.
The Parthenon | History | Acropolis of Athens | Greece | 4K
Images related to the topicThe Parthenon | History | Acropolis of Athens | Greece | 4K
Why is the Parthenon so special?
Why is the Parthenon important, special and famous? The Parthenon is so special because first of all is the symbol of Athens democracy. It was built after the victory on the Persians who occupied Athens in 480 BC. It was built to celebrate the victory and Athens political, economic and cultural superiority.
What was the main purpose of the Parthenon?
The main purpose of the Parthenon was as a temple for Athena, virgin goddess and patron of Athens. The building’s very name means “the virgin’s place” in Greek, according to the Columbia Encyclopedia.
What happened to the statue of Athena in the Parthenon?
The cult statue, begun in 447 BCE and dedicated in 438 BCE, would remain the great city’s symbol for a thousand years until, in Late Antiquity, it disappeared from the historical record, possibly taken to Constantinople and there later destroyed.
Who created the Parthenon?
Work on the Parthenon began in 447 bceunder the architects Ictinus and Callicrates with the supervision of the sculptor Phidias. The building was completed by 438, and that same year a great gold and ivory statue of Athena, made by Phidias for the interior, was dedicated.
What is the Parthenon for which goddess was it built?
A building from Athens’ golden age
The Parthenon on the Acropolis of Athens was built between 447 and 438 BC as a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena Parthenos.
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Parthenon – HISTORY
Dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena, the Parthenon sits high atop a compound of temples known as the Acropolis of Athens.
What destroyed the Parthenon?
On 26 September 1687, an Ottoman ammunition dump inside the building was ignited by Venetian bombardment during a siege of the Acropolis. The resulting explosion severely damaged the Parthenon and its sculptures.
A day in the life of an ancient Greek architect – Mark Robinson
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Why are the Parthenon Marbles important?
In 1941, during the second world war, the British Foreign Office actively considered the Parthenon marbles’ return as a gesture of support for Greek nationalism, as and when the war should end.
What’s inside the Parthenon?
The Parthenon also serves as Nashville’s art museum. The focus of the Parthenon’s permanent collection is a group of 63 paintings by 19th and 20th century American artists donated by James M. Cowan. Additional gallery spaces provide a venue for a variety of temporary shows and exhibits.
Why is Parthenon not a temple?
It’s not actually a temple.
Instead, the main cult image of Athena Polias is located in a different area of the Acropolis. While a colossal statue of Athena by the famed sculptor Phidias would have been located inside the Parthenon, it was not related to a particular cult and so would not have been worshipped.
When was Parthenon destroyed?
The Athenian temple was partly destroyed on 26 September 1687. Parthenon, Athens.
What does the Parthenon frieze represent?
The frieze of the Parthenon forms a continuous band with scenes in relief that encircles the upper part of the cella, the main temple, within the outer colonnade. The theme represented was the procession toward the Acropolis that took place during the Great Panathenaia, the festival in honour of the goddess Athena.
Who was the ugliest god?
Hephaestus. Hephaestus is the son of Zeus and Hera. Sometimes it is said that Hera alone produced him and that he has no father. He is the only god to be physically ugly.
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Images related to the topicLet’s Visit the Parthenon – History Tour in AC: Odyssey Discovery Mode
What did the Romans steal from Athena?
She explains that the ancient rift between Romans and Greeks came when the Romans stole the statue of Athena that stood in the Parthenon. They split Athena’s personality when they took the god, changing her into Minerva — the goddess of wisdom and crafts — and Bellona — the goddess of war.
What is Athena holding in her hand?
Athena stands holding a Nike (Victory) on her right hand that extends forward from the elbow, as if offering Nike to the Athenian citizens. With her left hand she supports her shield which shelters a snake as it rests on the ground, and her lance that rests on her left shoulder.
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